'''Thomas Cowperthwait Eakins''' (July 25, 1844 – June 25, 1916) was an American Realism (visual arts)|realist Painting|painter
, and fine art
s educator. He is widely acknowledged to be one of the most important artists in Visual arts of the United States|American art
[[http://www.tfaoi.com/aa/3aa/3aa94.htm TFAOI.com], Philadelphia Museum of Art, retrieved July 27, 2009] [[http://www.pbs.org/wnet/americanmasters/episodes/thomas-eakins/about-thomas-eakins/581/ About Thomas Eakins, ''American Masters'', PBS]]
For the length of his professional career, from the early 1870s until his health began to fail some 40 years later, Eakins worked exactingly from life, choosing as his subject the people of his hometown of Philadelphia
. He painted several hundred portrait
s, usually of friends, family members, or prominent people in the arts, sciences, medicine, and...